TREE, SHRUB AND CONIFER GUIDE (Imperial)

 

Name

Approx. 
Ultimate
Height
Evergreen
E
Deciduous
D
Average
Growth
per
Year
Suitable for all conditions and:
Exposed Windy Sites Dense Shade Wet Sites Coastal Areas Chalky Soil
Alder, Common  70ft  D  1.5ft    Shady  Wet  Coastal  
Alder, Grey  80ft  D  1.5 - 2ft  Windy  Shady  Wet  Coastal  
Alder, Italian  80ft  D  2ft    Shady  Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Amelanchier Lamarckii  15ft  D  1 - 1.5ft    Shady  Wet    
Amelanchier Obelisk  15ft  D  1 - 1.5ft    Shady  Wet    
Amelanchier gr. Robin Hill  25ft  D  1 - 1.5ft    Shady  Wet    
Aspen  50ft  D  1.5ft  Windy    Wet    
Beech, Green  100ft  D *  2ft  Windy        Chalky
Beech, Purple  100ft  D *  1.5ft  Windy        Chalky
Berberis Darwinii  8ft  E  1ft    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Berberis darwinii Compacta  3ft  E  4ins    Shady      Chalky
Berberis Frikartii Telstar  3ft  E  4ins    Shady      Chalky
Berberis, Green  4ft  D  1ft  Windy  Shady      Chalky
Berberis Julianae  10ft  E  1ft    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Berberis, Purple  5ft  D  1ft  Windy  Shady      Chalky
Berberis Stenophylla  9ft  E  1.5ft    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Birch Ermanii  25ft +  D  5in  Windy  Shady  Wet    Chalky
Birch, Himalayan  40ft  D  1.25ft  Windy  Shady  Wet    Chalky
Birch, Paper  90ft  D  1.25ft  Windy  Shady  Wet    Chalky
Birch, Silver  50ft  D  1.25ft  Windy  Shady  Wet    Chalky
Birch, Young’s Weeping  12ft  D  9in  Windy  Shady  Wet    Chalky
Blackthorn  13ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  
Box, Common  30ft  E  4 - 6ins    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Box, Dwarf  3ft  E  1 - 2ins    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Box, Faulkner  6ft  E  4 - 6ins    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Box, Green Balloon  3.5ft  E  2 - 3ins    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Box, Variegated  4ft  E  2ins    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Buckthorn, Alder  13ft  D  1.5ft      Wet    
Buckthorn, Common or Purging  15ft  D  1ft        Coastal  Chalky
Buckthorn, Sea  8ft  D  1 - 1.5ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  
Cherry, Autumn Flowering  25ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Cherry, Bird  35ft  D  1.25ft          Chalky
Cherry, Cheal’s Weeping  20ft  D  9in          Chalky
Cherry, Double White  45ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Cherry, Royal Burgundy  20ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Cherry, Great White  30ft  D  1ft        Coastal  
Cherry, Kanzan  30ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Cherry, Mount Fuji  18ft  D  1.5ft          Chalky
Cherry, Flag Pole  25ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Cherry, Sargent’s  30ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Cherry, Spire  30ft  D  1ft          
Cherry, Tibetan  30ft  D  1ft          
Cherry, Shirofugen  30ft  D  1ft        Coastal  
Cherry, Wild  60ft  D  1.75ft          Chalky
Cornelian Cherry  10ft  D  1.5ft      Wet    Chalky
Cotoneaster franchetii  8ft  E  1 - 1.5ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Cotoneaster lacteus  12ft  E  1 - 1.5ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Cotoneaster simonsii  7ft  E **  9 - 12ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Crab Apple  35ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Crab Apple, Golden Hornet  25ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Crab Apple, Gorgeous  15ft  D  6 - 9in          Chalky
Crab Apple, Japanese  15ft  D  6 - 9in          Chalky
Crab Apple, John Downie  30ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Crab Apple, Royalty  25ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Crab Apple, Rudolph  20-25ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Dogwood  8ft  D  1.5ft  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Dogwood, Black Stemmed  7-8ft  D  1.5ft  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Dogwood, Golden Variegated  7-8ft  D  1.5ft  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Dogwood, Midwinter Fire  4ft  D  6ins      Wet    Chalky
Dogwood, Red Stemmed  7-8ft  D  1.5ft  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Dogwood, Silver Variegated  7-8ft  D  1.5ft  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Dogwood, Yellow Stemmed  7-8ft  D  1.5ft  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Elaeagnus Ebbingei  10ft  E  1 - 1.5ft  Windy      Coastal  
Elaeagnus Ebbingei Limelight  10ft  E  1 - 1.5ft  Windy      Coastal  
Elder  12ft  D  2 - 3ft    Shady  Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Euonymus, Gold  2ft  E  2 - 3ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Euonymus, Golden Japanese  8ft  E  6 - 9in        Coastal  Chalky
Eucalyptus Gunnii  80ft  E  4ft        Coastal  
Euonymus, Silver  2ft  E  2 - 3ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Fir, Caucasian  120ft  E  2ft          
Flowering Currant King Edward VII  6ft  D  1ft    Shady    Coastal  
Golden Elm  12ft  D  6ins          
Gorse  6ft  E  6 - 12ins  Windy      Coastal  
Griselinia  15ft  E  1ft        Coastal  
Guelder Rose  13ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet    
Handkerchief Tree  50ft +  D  4 - 6in        Coastal  Chalky
Hazel  20ft  D  1.5ft  Windy        
Hazel, Golden-Leaf  20ft  D  1.5ft  Windy        
Hazel, Purple-Leaf  20ft  D  1.5ft  Windy        
Hedge Germander  1.5ft  E  6 - 12ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  
Holly, Blue  8ft  E  6ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  
Holly, Box-Leaved  12ft  E  8 - 12ins    Shady      
Holly, Golden King  25ft  E  6 - 12ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Holly, Golden Variegated  45ft  E  9 - 12ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Holly, Green  65ft  E  9 - 12ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Holly, J.C. van Tol  20ft  E  6 - 12ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Holly, Silver Hedgehog  6ft  E  6ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  
Holly, Silver Variegated  45ft  E  9 - 12ins  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Honeysuckle Hedging, Green  5ft  E  9in    Shady      Chalky
Hornbeam  80ft  D *  1 - 2ft  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Hornbeam, Fastigiate  60ft  D *  1 - 2ft  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Hypericum Hidcote  4ft  ***  1-1.5ft          Chalky
Laburnum  23ft  D  1ft  Windy        
Larch  100ft  D  3ft  Windy        
Laurel  17ft  E  1ft    Shady  Wet    
Laurel, Dwarf  4ft  E  6ins    Shady  Wet    
Laurel, Etna  8ft  E  6ins    Shady  Wet    
Laurel, Portugal  15ft  E  9in    Shady  Wet    Chalky
Laurel, Spotted  8ft  E  6 - 9in    Shady  Wet  Coastal  
Lavender Hidcote  2ft  E  4ins        Coastal  Chalky
Lavender, Munsted  3-4ft  E  6ins        Coastal  Chalky
Lavender, White  3-4ft  E  6ins        Coastal  Chalky
Leyland Cypress  100ft  E  2.5 - 3ft        Coastal  
Leyland Cypress, Golden  100ft  E  2 - 2.5ft        Coastal  
Lilac  20ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Lime, Broad or Large-Leaved  100ft  D  1.5ft          
Lime, Small-Leaved  75ft  D  1.5ft  Windy        
Liquidambar  80ft  D  1ft          
Maple, Crimson King  40ft  D  1ft          Chalky
Maple, Field  80ft  D  1 - 2ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Maple, Princeton Gold  40ft+  D  6in  Windy  Shady  Wet    Chalky
Maple, Silver Variegated  40ft  D  9 - 12ins    Shady      Chalky
Mountain Ash  40ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  
Mountain Ash, Chinese  30ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  
Mountain Ash, Edulis  40ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  
Mountain Ash, Joseph Rock  25ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  
Mountain Ash, Pink Pagoda  20ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet    
Nepeta Six Hills Giant  3ft  E  6 - 9in          
Oak, English or Common  100ft  D  9in  Windy      Coastal  Chalky
Oak, Holm  80ft  E  9 - 12ins    Shady    Coastal  
Oak, Red  100ft  D  1.5ft          Chalky
Osmanthus  10ft  E  4 - 6ins          
Pear Chanticleer  20ft  D  9in          
Pear, Common  50ft  D  1ft      Wet    
Philadelphus  8ft  D  1ft  Windy        Chalky
Photinia Little Red Robin  3ft  E  3 - 6ins          Chalky
Photinia Crunchy  6ft  E  6 - 9in          Chalky
Photinia Red Robin  8ft  E  6 - 9in          Chalky
Pine, Scots  80ft  E  1.75ft  Windy      Coastal  
Plum, Myrobalan  25ft  D  1 - 1.5ft  Windy        Chalky
Plum, Purple Blaze  25ft  D  1 - 1.5ft  Windy        Chalky
Poplar, Lombardy  100ft  D  2 - 2.5ft  Windy  Shady  Wet  Coastal  
Poplar Robusta  100ft  D  2ft  Windy  Shady  Wet    
Poplar, Variegated Balm of Gilead  50ft  D  1.5ft    Shady  Wet    
Poplar, White  65ft  D  1.75ft  Windy  Shady  Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Potentilla fruticosa  4ft  D  6 - 9in  Windy      Coastal  Chalky
Privet, Golden  10ft  E ***  1ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Privet, Green  12ft  E ***  1ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Privet, Wild  10ft  D  1.5ft  Windy      Coastal  Chalky
Pyracantha, Golden Sun  9ft  E  1 - 2ft  Windy      Coastal  
Pyracantha, Red Column  9ft  E  1 - 2ft  Windy      Coastal  
Pyracantha, Orange Glow  9ft  E  1 - 2ft  Windy      Coastal  
Quickthorn  45ft  D  1.5ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Robinia Pseudoacacia  80ft  D  1 - 1.5ft          
Rose, Blanc Double de Coubert  6ft  D  1 - 1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Dog Rose  7ft  D  1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Field Rose  10-12ft  D  1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Fru Dagmar Hastrup  4.5ft  D  1 - 1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Glauca  7ft  D  1 - 1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Hansa  5ft  D  1 - 1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Multiflora  15ft  D  2 - 3ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Roseraie de L’Hay  7ft  D  1 - 1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Rugosa  7ft  D  1 - 1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Rugosa Red  7ft  D  1 - 1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Rugosa White  7ft  D  1 - 1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Scotch or Burnet  3ft  D  1ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rose, Sweet Briar  8ft  D  1.5ft        Coastal  Chalky
Rosemary  6ft  E  9in        Coastal  Chalky
Rubus Cockburnianus  8ft  D  1 - 1.5ft          
Santolina  2ft  E  4ins        Coastal  
Service Tree, Wild  60ft  D  1ft  Windy        Chalky
Snowberry  7ft  D  2 - 2.5ft  Windy  Shady  Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Snowberry, White Hedge  5ft  D  1 - 2ft  Windy  Shady  Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Spindle  8ft  D  1.5ft          Chalky
Spruce, Norway  100ft  E  2.5ft  Windy        
Spruce, Serbian  70ft  E  2.25ft  Windy        
Sweet Box  2ft  E  1-2ins    Shady      
Sycamore  100ft  D  1.75ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Thorn, Cockspur  25ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Thorn, Crimson Cloud  25ft +  D  6in  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Thorn, Double Pink  25ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Thorn, Double Scarlet  25ft  D  1ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Thuja Emerald  20ft  E  9in  Windy    Wet    Chalky
Thuja Plicata Atrovirens  100ft  E  2ft      Wet    Chalky
Tulip tree  100ft  D  2ft          
Viburnum Fragrans  9ft  D  9 - 12ins          Chalky
Viburnum tinus  8ft  E  6ins        Coastal  Chalky
Walnut  100ft  D  1 - 1.25ft          
Wayfaring Tree  10ft  D  1ft  Windy      Coastal  Chalky
Weeping Silver Pear  20-25ft  D  6ins          
Whitebeam  50ft  D  1ft  Windy      Coastal  Chalky
Whitebeam Lutescens  40ft  D  1ft  Windy      Coastal  Chalky
Willow, Coyote  20ft  D  3 - 4ft  Windy      Coastal  
Willow, Goat  30ft  D  1 - 3ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Willow, Golden  60ft  D  1.5 - 2ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Willow, Golden Weeping  65ft  D  1ft      Wet    Chalky
Willow, Osier  30ft  D  1.5 - 2ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Willow, Scarlet  30ft  D  1.5 - 2ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Willow, White  55ft  D  1.5 - 2ft  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Yew, English  50ft  E  6 - 9in  Windy        Chalky
Yew, Golden  12-15ft  E  4ins  Windy        Chalky
Yew, Hicksii  10ft  E  6 - 9in  Windy        Chalky
Yew, Irish  30ft  E  6 - 9in  Windy        Chalky
Corkscrew Hazel  8ft  D  12 - 18in  Windy  Shady  Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Corkscrew Hazel, Red Majestic  8ft  D  12 - 18in  Windy  Shady  Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Elder, Black Lace  10ft  D  6in  Windy  Shady  Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Fig Ice Crystal  15ft +  D  3 - 4in        Coastal  Chalky
Hydrangea Early Sensation  3ft  D  6in  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Hydrangea Paniculata Grandiflora  10ft +  D  12 - 18in  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Hydrangea paniculata Limelight  5ft  D  9 - 12in  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Hydrangea Paniculata Pinky-Winky  8ft  D  9in  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Acer palmatum Atropurpureum  15ft  D  3 - 4in          
Japanese Maple, Dissectum  3ft  D  3 - 4in          
Japanese Maple Dissectum Emerald Lace  2.5ft  D  3 - 4in          
Japanese Maple, Dissectum Garnet  3ft  D  3 - 4in          
Japanese Maple, Orange Dream  6ft  D  3 - 4in          
Japanese Maple, Sango-kaku  20ft  D  9 - 12in          
Japanese Quince, Pink Lady  5ft  D  3 - 4in  Windy    Wet  Coastal  Chalky
Mahonia media Charity  10ft  E  2 - 3ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Mexican Orange Blossom  7ft  E  2ft  Windy  Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Mexican Orange Blossom, Goldfingers  6ft  E  12 - 15in    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Mexican Orange Blossom, White Dazzler  4ft  E  6 - 9in    Shady    Coastal  Chalky
Physocarpus opulifolius Diable D`Or  5ft  D  12 - 18in  Windy      Coastal  
Smoke Bush, Royal Purple  10ft  D  6 - 9in  Windy      Coastal  
Spindle Tree  10ft  D  6in          
Smoke Bush, Royal Purple  10ft  D  6 - 9in  Windy      Coastal  
Mock Orange, Variegated  8ft  D  6in          Chalky
Winter Honeysuckle  6ft  E  6 - 9in  Windy  Shady      Chalky

 

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Average Growth Per Year. This figure represents the annual increase in height you can expect over the first 10-20 years. We have tried to give as accurate a figure as possible but plants are not only affected by their response to soil conditions and the weather but also vary considerably in their growth habits. Some are slow in growth for the first years after planting, then grow very rapidly, others grow rapidly when young and then slow down, and others have steady growth habits. Some plants because of their form (i.e. weeping habit) may put on a lot of growth but only increase in height relatively slowly.

* Retains its copper of brown leaves throughout winter on hedges.
** Semi-evergreen. Has a new crop of leaves in October, which often last to spring in warm regions, but normally fall earlier in cold regions or in harsh winters.
*** Evergreen, but may lose its foliage in very hard winters.

© Buckingham Nurseries and Garden Centre

BUCKINGHAM NURSERIES AND GARDEN CENTRE - ESTABLISHED 1945


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